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Lombok Island Tourism



Lombok Tourism

The island of Lombok (population in 2001: 2,722,123 inhabitants) [1] is an island in the Lesser Sunda Islands or Nusa Tenggara are separated by the Strait of Lombok and Bali in the west Sebelat Alas Strait to the east of Sumbawa. The island is roughly spherical with a kind of "tail" on the southwest side whose length is approximately 70 km. This island wide reach 5435 km ², placing it at rank 108 of the list based on the breadth of the island in the world. The main town on the island is Mataram.


geography

Lombok Strait marks the boundaries of flora and fauna of Asia. Starting from the island of Lombok to the east, flora and fauna further demonstrate the similarity with the flora and fauna are found in Australia than Asia. The scientist who first stated this is Alfred Russel Wallace, an Englishman in the 19th century. To honor this limit is called the Wallace Line. Topography of the island is dominated by Rinjani volcano which height reaches 3,726 meters above sea level and making it the third highest in Indonesia. The mountain last erupted in June-July 1994. In 1997 the region of mountain and Segara Anak lake adjoining declared protected by the government. Area south of the island consists mostly of fertile land used for agriculture, commodities which are usually grown in this area include maize, rice, coffee, tobacco and cotton.



demography

About 80% of the population of this island is the Sasak tribe, a tribe that is still close to the Bali tribes, but the majority embraced Islam. The remaining population is Balinese, Javanese, Chinese and Arabic.






language

Besides the Indonesian language as the national language, the inhabitants of the island of Lombok (Sasak mainly), using the Sasak language as the primary language in everyday conversation. Across the Sasak Lombok own language can be found in four different kinds of dialects that dialect Lombok northern, central, northeast and southeast. In addition to the number of inhabitants who settled in Bali Lombok (mostly from the former Kingdom of Karangasem), in some places, particularly in West Lombok and Mataram Municipality of settlements can be found using the Balinese language as the language of everyday conversation.

religion

Most of the inhabitants of the island of Lombok especially Sasak tribe embraced Islam. The second largest religion prevailed in this island is the Hindu religion, which is embraced by the residents of Bali descendants number around 15% of the population there. Christian, Buddhist and other religions can also be found, and especially embraced by migrants from different tribes and ethnic groups who live on this island. Largest religious organization in Lombok is Nahdlatul Wathan (NW), the organization has also established many Islamic educational institutions with different levels of the lowest level to university.

In the District of North Lombok, precisely in the Bayan area, especially among those who are elderly, may still be found the adherents of Islam Wetu Telu flow (three). Unlike most adherents of Islam who prayed five times a day, the adherents of this teaching practice obligatory prayers only at three time. It is said that this happens because the propagator of Islam was preached Islam gradually and for some reason not had time to refine his message.



In Cakranegara (formerly known as the royal Cakranegara) Mataram now, once discovered by the Expedition Ancient Manuscript Lontar Dutch (KNIL) and then retrieved and taken to the Netherlands, this papyrus manuscript was actually in the Kingdom Selaparang (now about Pringgabaya area, East Lombok), but in when the battle between Bali and Lombok, the kingdom has been lost due Selaparang attacked suddenly, and finally all the royal possessions seized by the troops Selaparang Bali, remnants of which are not carried away and burned. Including the gold crown of King Selaparang (Devel Selaparang) and the State Kertagama papyrus manuscripts are Putra and dipelajarai by the royal officers Selaparang. This page added by Zulkarnain Then, work on the Regional Secretariat of Mataram.


history



Menurut isi Babad Lombok, kerajaan tertua yang pernah berkuasa di pulau ini bernama Kerajaan Laeq (dalam bahasa sasak laeq berarti waktu lampau), namun sumber lain yakni Babad Suwung, menyatakan bahwa kerajaan tertua yang ada di Lombok adalah Kerajaan Suwung yang dibangun dan dipimpin oleh Raja Betara Indera.

Kingdom of Suwung then subsided and was replaced by the Kingdom of Lombok. In the 9th century until the 11th century stood Sasak kingdom which was defeated by one derived from the Balinese kingdom in those days. Some of the other kingdoms that once stood on the island of Lombok, among others Pejanggik, Langko, Bayan, chock Samarkaton and Selaparang.





Lombok Island Tourism-Selaparang own kingdoms emerged in the two periods in the 13th century and the 16th century. The first is the kingdom Selaparang Hindu kingdom and his rule ended with the arrival of the expedition of Majapahit kingdom in the year 1357. The second Selaparang kingdom is the kingdom of Islam and the rule ended in 1744 after the kingdom was conquered by the combined forces of Bali and Arya Karangasem Getas Banjar which is treason against the royal family because of problems with the king Selaparang Selaparang. [2]. The occupation of Bali Bali raises a strong influence of culture on the west side of Lombok, as in dance and heritage buildings (eg Castle Cakranegara in Ampenan). New in 1894 Lombok Karangasem free from the influence of interference due to Batavia (Dutch East Indies) that goes by rebellion Sasak people invited them to come. However, Lombok and then under the dominion of the Dutch East Indies directly. The entry of Japan (1942) makes automatic Lombok was under Japanese occupation government control of the eastern region. After World War II, Lombok could be under the State of East Indonesia, before then in 1950 joined with the Republic of Indonesia.

On the island of Lombok there are several places to see and visit the historic sites of the kingdom of Islam and Hinduism, as in East Lombok regency there are relics of former Islamic empire that is the largest island of Lombok Selaparang Islamic kingdom that is now immortalized his name by one of the airport on the island of Lombok Airport Selaparang. In addition there are also relics of the mosque in North Lombok district at the time of the spread of Islam's first mosque on the island of Lombok is Beleq Bayan, this place is located in Bayan district and can be traveled by private vehicle about 3 hours.

and dilombok there are also relics of the Hindu kingdom called Taman Narmada is also known as the Younger Water Local Community located in West Lombok and can be traveled with a time of 1 hour drive.

Lombok in many ways similar to Bali, and in the decade of the 1990s began to be known foreign tourists. But with the advent of the monetary crisis that hit Indonesia in late 1997 and other crises that accompany it, the potential of tourism rather not fail. Then in early 2000 there were riots between ethnic and inter-religious at all Lombok resulting in massive displacement of minorities. They are mainly fled to the island of Bali. But after some time later the situation has become conducive and they're back. In 2007 the tourism sector is the only growing sector in Lombok.





Tourism destination object
Senggigi Beach Cakranegara
Gili Air Gili Meno
Gili Trawangan
Mount Rinjani
Pantai Kuta, Lombok Sentanu Tetebatu Gile Waterfall Spring Nangu Gili Gili Gili Sundak Tangkong Pusuk Monkey Forest Park Narmada
Taman Mayura

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