Ijo Temple is located in Bukit Ijo, Sambirejo village, Prambanan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Located at the high temple in Yogyakarta that presents the charm of nature and culture as well as the middle of the plane landing. This makes temple Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Down the road to the south of Queen Boko Palace complex is an exciting journey, especially for cultural tourism lovers. How not, the temple there were scattered like mushrooms in the rainy season. One of them that has not been a debate is Ijo Temple, a temple located at the height of the other temples in Yogyakarta.
Ijo Temple was built around the 9th century, on a hill known as the Green Hill Ijo dunes which height is 410 m above sea level. Because of its height, it is not only the temple but also can enjoy the natural scenery below such as terraces of agriculture land with steep slopes. Although not a fertile area, the landscape around the temple is very beautiful to enjoy.
The temple complex consists of 17 structures were divided into 11 terraces. The first terrace the yard leading to the entrance is a terrace staircase stretching from west to east. Building on the porch to-11 in the form of fences, eight stakes phallus, four buildings namely the main temple, and three ancillary temples. The laying of the building on each terrace is based on the sacredness. Building on the highest terrace is the most sacred.
Various forms of art found from the entrance to the building is classified as a Hindu temple. Just above the entrance there is a motive when makara with double heads and some of its attributes. Motif and attributes which can also be found in Buddhist temples show that such temples are acculturation forms of Hindu and Buddhist culture. Some temples have a motive when similar makara among others Ngawen, Plaosan and Sari.
There are also statues that depict women and men who drift and lead to a particular side. The figure may have several meanings. First, as suwuk to mngusir evil spirits and the second as a symbol of unity of Lord Shiva and Goddess Uma. Unity is interpreted as the beginning of the creation of the universe. Unlike the statue in Prambanan Temple, natural style of the statues in Ijo Temple do not lead to eroticism.
Towards building ancillary temples on the terrace to the 11th, there is a place like a bath of fire sacrifice (homa). Right at the top of the back wall there are air holes or vents in the form of a parallelogram and a triangle. The existence of a fire sacrifice reflects the Hindu community that worships Brahma. Three perwara show respect for the people in the Hindu Trimurti, Brahma, Shiva, and Whisnu.
One of the works that keep mystery are two inscriptions located on the terrace of the temple on the 9th. One of the inscriptions is coded F with the writing Guywan or Bluyutan meaning place for meditation. Another inscription is made of stone as high as 14 cm and 9 cm thick containing magic spells that are predicted to be a curse. Spells were written 16 times and them that read "Om Sarwwawinasa, Sarwwawinasa." It could be two inscriptions may relate closely to certain occurrences in Java at the time. What events? Has yet to unfold.
Visiting this temple, you can see the beautiful scenery that can not be found in other temples. When facing the west and look down, you can see the planes taking off and landing at Adisucipto Airport. This scenery because Thousand Mountains where the temple stands is the border of the eastern part of the airport. Because of the existence of the temple in the mountains anyway, Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Every detail of the temple presents meaningful thing and invites the audience to reflect that the trip will not just be fun. The existence of many great works of art without the name of the author shows a view of the current Java community that emphasized more on moral message presented by a work of art, not the creators or the greatness of their works.
Samosir Island is a volcanic island in the middle of Lake Toba in North Sumatra province. Samosir Island is commonly called the island in the island with an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level, making the island became an island that attract the tourists.
Tuktuk is the concentration of tourists on the island. From Parapat, Tuktuk can be connected to the ferry crossing. In addition to water transportation, Samosir Island can also be reached by road through Pangururan be a place where Samosir Island and the island of Sumatra in touch.
Samosir island itself is located in the district of Samosir newly bloomed in 2003 from the former-Toba Samosir regency.
On this island there are also two small lakes as a tourist area that Sidihoni Lake and Lake Aek Natonang who earned the nickname "lake on the lake".
Destinations in Samosir
Samosir has tourism potential areas based on natural scenery, spiritual tours, farm tours, cultural tours and the waters of Lake Toba. Tourism Object is scattered in various subdistrict. If you've been in Samosir, you should take the time to enjoy it, even just crossing / passing.
District Simanindo, Samosir
Tourism Object in this district in the form of history as a tourist attraction
- Tomb of King Sidabutar, was in Tomok, tomb stone carved intact without any linkage to the resting place of King Sidabutar businessmen Tomok area at that time.
- Parsidangan stone, located in the village of stone Siallagan is structured so during the reign of King Siallagan to a judge and execute criminals.
- Museum Huta Bolon, storage ancient objects of the Batak
Arts and Culture Tourism Object like
- Performing Sigale gale, was in Tomok is a folk art form of sculpture is made so that can dance to the rhythm of traditional music gondang.
- Arts Building, building cultural attractions and art, are in Tuktuk Siadong
Object Nature ie
- Marhosa stone, was in sigarantung, the village is a natural phenomenon stone Parmonangan benafas or can exhale
- Goa Marlakkop, in the village of Tanjung
- Stone fences and Bottean, in Lontung
- Ambarita coast, where bathing and fishing
- Aek Natonang, located at dsa Tanjungan a lake on the lake and is planned as an area covering 105 ha Forest Tourism.
- Pulo Tao, restaurants and camping ground is located in the Village Beach Simanindo.
- Tuktuk Siadong, cape peninsula-shaped region that is located so that now the center of tourist activities (tourism central district), are met by the hotel and restaurant business as well as a painter and engraver.
- International Kite Beta hill, a special area in Tuktuk Siadong which has ditabalkan by the Governor of North Sumatra Mr. T. Rizal Nurdin in August 2004 to the location of the International kite game
Subdistrict Pangururan, Samosir
- Thermal Baths, within 3 KM from the city Pangururan
- Tano Ponggol canal, the canal that separates the island of Samosir in Sumatra Island created by the colonial Dutch and is still functioning.
- Persanggarahan, Dutch colonial heritage buildings currently used as an office and residence of the acting regent of Samosir, located in the City Pangururan.
- Statue of Liberty Malau, A memorial fight fighter force 45 from the island of Samosir who helped the independence of the Republic of Indonesia.
Tourism Object Art and Culture
- Open Stage, building outdoor stage in the middle of town Pangururan as the arts and cultural attractions.
- Weaving Ulos Batak community, community groups working on traditional weaving Ulos Hobo in Lumban Suhi-suhi within + 4 Km from Kota Pangururan.
Subdistrict Sianjur Mula Mula, Samosir
- Mount Pusuk Buhit, Batak ethnic origin
- Aek Boras, springs Teacher Tatea Month
- Aek sipitu Dai, water sources can be streamed into seven channels and has seven flavors and can be believed to cure various diseases.
- Sawan stone, a stone lime flavored water
- Pulo Tulas, a small island in the middle of Lake Toba
- Parhusipan stone, the meeting place of Si Boru Pareme
- Pargasipan stone,
- Nanggor stone, a rock hammer Thousand Hills King forge weapons
- Hobon stone, stone storage heirlooms.
- Sigulatti, place in the mountains Pusuk Buhit who believed the origin of the Batak.
Subdistrict Onan Runggu, Samosir
- Lagundi Sitamiang, the location for the camp is equipped with teenagers cottage
- Surlau Tambun, a natural bath with fresh water and cool air
- Hariara Na Bolon, a natural phenomenon where the miraculous banyan tree (hariara) fused to form a very large tree
- Free Sukkean beach, beach with pristine white sand and has been frequently visited by foreign tourists for bathing and sunbathing.
Daily Subdistrict Boho, Samosir
- Tele view tower, tower tmpat panoramic view of Lake Toba on the heights of the Tele.
- Partukko Naginjang, in the village of Promise Martahan Martahan, landing sites peterbang Kite
- Niagara Sampuran Euphrates Dolok bill, with 26 M height and width 10 M is 3 KM from Daily Boho
- Spring Pohan Pokki, in Sitohang within 2 KM from Port Sitohang
Subdistrict Nainggolan, Samosir
- Stone Master, A stone that has three foundations are believed to be the slogan of the Batak is "Dalihan Natolu"
- King maria beach, free beach in the village of Mary King with white sand and crystal clear water lake for bathing and recreation.
Subdistrict sitio Tio, Samosir
- Spring Datu Parngongo, + 4 Km from Pier Tamba is magical springs made by a Datu Parngongo contained in lerng very steep hill.
- The beach is free, location in the village Sabulan
- Saruding Boru baths, located in Ranssangbosi ar
ound + 35 Km from Pangururan.
Subdistrict Ronggurnihuta, Samosir
- Sidihoni lake, a lake in the middle of Samosir Island is unique as the lake above the lake.
- Aek Liang, a natural phenomenon of spring in the cave.
- Sidam cave-dam
- Sidam stone-dam, the black stone which was holy and sacred
- Simalinting, a large tomb
Subdistrict Palipi, Samosir
- Chain stone, in the City Mogang
- Somalim Piso, a historic place in Mogang
- Hot Simbolon, sulfur rocky area where there are hot springs unspoiled.
Lake Toba is a volcanic lake with a length of 100 kilometers and 30 kilometers wide, located in the province of North Sumatra, Indonesia. This lake is the largest lake in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. In the middle of this lake there is a volcanic island called Samosir Island.
Lake Toba has long been an important tourist destination in North Sumatra, Bukit Lawang, Berastagi and Nias, attract domestic and foreign tourists.
In addition to enjoying the natural beauty and hospitality of the lake and its inhabitants, while in Samosir you can see attractions such as seeing the grave stone, Simando, Ambarita (stone table where traditional Batak penalties) or swimming in natural hot springs.
Lake Toba tourist information
- Lake Toba is located in Indonesia
- Location: North Sumatra
- Country: Indonesia
- Coordinates: 3.58 ° N 98.67 ° E
- Attraction type: Nature tourism, lake
It is estimated that Lake Toba explosion occurred at about 73000-75000 years ago and is the eruption (super volcano) the most recent. Bill Rose and Craig Chesner from Michigan Technological University estimate sea.
This incident caused mass death and the extinction of some species also followed. According to some DNA evidence, this eruption also reduced the number of people to about 60% of the total human population of the earth at that time, which is about 60 million people. The eruption also caused the ice age, although experts still debate it. After the eruption, the caldera formed which is then filled with water and became what is now known as Lake Toba. Pressure up by magma that has not come out cause the appearance of the island.
International multidisciplinary research team, led by Dr. Michael Petraglia, revealed in a press conference in Oxford, the United States has found a new archaeological site that is quite spectacular by geologists in the southern and northern India. On the site it was revealed how people survive, before and after volcanic eruptions (supervolcano) Toba 74,000 years ago, and evidence of life under the ashes of Mount Toba. Though the source of the eruption is 3,000 miles, from the distribution of ashes.
The spread of volcanic dust was very spacious, found almost all over the world. Derived from an ancient supervolcano eruption, namely Mount Toba. Alleged leads to Mount Toba, as evidence of molecular forms of the same volcanic dust in the 2100 period. Since caldera crater that is now a lake Toba in Indonesia, 3,000 miles, from the source of the eruption. In fact, surprisingly enough, it turns out spread of dust to be recorded up to the North Pole. This is reminiscent of the experts, how powerful the Toba super volcano eruption at that time.
Tourism Object nature of Lake Toba.
In addition to the ' wooden horse ' , the historical record Kelud eruptions also occur in 13-15 century AD Based on a paper written by Akhmad Zaennudin and Darwin Siregar (IAGI 2008) , the eruption that occurred at that time the explosive eruptions large enough to precipitate the phreatic material , pyroclastic flows and pyroclastic fallout fairly thick .
Kelud eruption was very powerful , thousands of people thronged the streets on the slopes Kelud to the evacuation site . They are from several villages in the district Ngancar . For now, the citizens of District Headquarters Ngancar placed in Tawang in District Wates , Kediri . Evakuasipun process is still ongoing to this day .
Let us pray for our brothers a
This volcano, including the type of explosive eruption stratovulkan characteristics . Like many other volcanoes in Java , Kelud formed by the subduction of the Indo - Australian continental plate against the Eurasian plate . Since the year 1300 AD , it was recorded active mountain range erupted at relatively short intervals ( 9-25 years ) , making it the volcanoes are harmful to humans .
The specificity of this volcano is the crater lake ( until late 2007 ) which makes very liquid lava eruptions and endanger the surrounding population . As a result of the activities that gave rise to the 2007 lava dome , crater lake almost gone and left a sort of puddle water .
Peak - peak current is the remainder of the eruption of the past that brought down the top of the ancient . Wall on the southwest side open so complex crater collapse toward the opening . Kelud is the highest peak , positioned slightly to the northeast of the crater . The tops of the other is on the west side Gajahmungkur Peak and Peak chippy on the south side .
Note Kelud activity
Since the 15th century , Kelud has claimed more than 15,000 lives. The explosion was in 1586 claiming more than 10,000 lives. A system to divert the lava flow has been made extensively in 1926 and still functioning until now after the eruption in 1919 claimed thousands of lives due to cold lava flood swept settlements population .
In the 20th century , recorded Kelud erupted in 1901 , 1919 ( May 1 ) , 1951 , 1966 , and 1990 . This pattern brings experts volcano on 15-year cycle for this eruption . Entering the 21st century , the mountain erupted in 2007 , 2010, and 2014 . This change in frequency is due to the formation of a lava plug in the mouth of the crater .
eruption in 1919
This eruption is among the most deadly since claimed 5,160 lives, damage to 15,000 hectares of productive land due to lava flow reach 38 km , although in time the Rhinos have built retaining lava dam in 1905 . Besides Hugo Cool in 1907 also assigned a dig a channel through the embankment or the western part of the crater wall . The effort was successfully issued 4.3 million cubic meters of water
Since the eruption of the duct system is then constructed crater lake drainage tunnel , and was completed in 1926 . Overall built seven tunnels . In the period after independence the new tunnel was built after the eruption of 1966 , 45 meters below the old tunnel . The tunnel is completed in 1967 it was named the Ampera Tunnel . This channel serves to maintain the volume of the crater lake to keep 2.5 million cubic meters .
The eruption in 1990
The eruption in 1990 lasted for 45 days , which is February 10, 1990 until March 13, 1990 . In this eruption , spewing Kelud 57.3 million cubic meters of volcanic material . Cold lava spread to 24 kilometers from the crater lake through 11 rivers that disgorge at the mountain .
This eruption could shut down the tunnel Ampera with volcanic material . The new normalization process thaun completed in 1994.
The eruption of 2007
Volcanic activity is increased in late September 2007 and continued until November of the same year , marked by increasing water temperature of the crater lake , an increase in seismic tremor , as well as discoloration of the crater lake of murky greenish white . Status " alert " ( highest ) issued by the Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation since October 16, 2007 which implicates the population within a radius of 10 km from the mountain ( approximately 135,000 people) living on the slopes of the volcano to evacuate . However, the eruption did not occur .
Having had somewhat subsided , Kelud activity again increased since October 30, 2007 with a rapid increase in water temperature of the crater lake and shallow volcanic seismicity . On November 3, 2007 around 16:00 lake water temperature exceeds 74 degrees Celsius , well above the normal symptoms of the eruption of 40 degrees Celsius , causing the temperature gauge was broken . Vibration amplitude seismic tremor with large ( more than 35mm ) lead inspection officials had to evacuate , but again no eruption .
Due to the high activity of these symptoms occur uniquely in the history of the emergence of Kelud with thick white smoke from the crater lake of lava dome followed by the middle of the crater lake since November 5, 2007 and continues to " grow " up to size 100 m wide . Experts consider this lava dome so that clogging of magma eruption is not imminent . Energy to be used to encourage the eruption of lava dome eruptions rest of 1990.
Since the incident energy release activity on the wane and on November 8, 2007 Kelud status downgraded to " standby " ( level 3 ) .
Crater Lake Kelud practical " lost " due to the emergence of a large lava dome . What was left was a small pool of water murky brown in the south side of the lava dome .
The eruption in 2014
Having in mind the increase in activity since the end of 2013 , Kelud raised its status to alert on February 10, 2014 and then Watch it on February 13, 2014 at 21:15 pm . Type of explosive eruptions such as in 1990 ( in 2007 the type effusive , in the form of magma flow ) is predicted to occur after heavy rains enough gravel perceived district residents in the area . Ngandar , Kediri , East Java , the location where the famous active volcano is located , even up to the town of Pare , Kediri . The area used as a point of refuge Wates residents living within a radius of up to 10 kilometers from the lava dome according to the recommendations of the Center for Volcanology , Mitigation , and Geological Hazard ( PVMBG ) . Also occasionally volcanic activity rumbling sounds to the District . Jombang . The impact of any form of volcanic ash on February 14, 2014 early morning residents reportedly have reached Kab . Roxburgh.
The eruption in 2014
The eruption in 2014 was detected by PVMBG and responded with an increase in status to Alert ( level II ) . On February 10, increased to standby status ( Level III ) , and the preparations of the disaster has begun . Regions around 5 km from the cusp of the crater has been sterilized of human activity . On February 13, at 21 dimumkan status of supreme danger , Caution ( Level IV ) , so that the radius of 10 km from the summit to be emptied of humans . Not yet had the displacement , at 22:40 there has been an explosion type eruptions ( explosive ) .
Reported the sound of explosions could be heard from the city of Yogyakarta ( 200 km ) , even Purbalingga ( approximately 300 miles ) , Central Java .
Linkages history and culture
The mountain is recorded in the period of classical texts such as Indonesia and Travel Pararaton Bujangga Manik as Mount Ka ( m ) pud and become the object of veneration . Holy Goddess figures Kili and Anglingdarma associated with this mountain .
Kelud 2012. 2007 lava dome appeared in the middle , with a peak Kelud background . On the left is part of the Peak Gajahmungkur .
Towards the summit area since 2004 Kelud road ties have improved to facilitate the tourists as well as residents . Kelud has become a tourist attraction Kediri with the main attraction is the lava dome . At the top of the viewing post Gajahmungkur built with stairs made of cement . On weekend evenings , given the lava dome lighting colorful lights . Moreover, it has also provided a climbing lane at the top cleft , thermal baths , as well as flying fox .
Kediri action build the tourist area of Blitar protests , which considers the region a peak Kelud region . Dispute is mainly tapered region after the fall of East Java Governor Decree No. 188/113/KPTS/013/2012 stating that Kelud peak region is a region of Kediri .
Not many caves with underground river in the world . Indonesia is fortunate to have Pindul in Gunungkidul . Many say, charm make this cave is called sexy .
Many cite the cave Pindul as a sexy cave . In the world there are only four , one of which is Pindul . Caving walking normally , but in Pindul we have to use a float .
Attraction which was inaugurated on October 10, 2010 The event is located in the hamlet , village Bejiharjo , District Karangmojo , Gunungkidul . To get to the location , after entering the village Bejiharjo , proceed straight white line follows the asphalt . Location Pindul secretariat located at the end of the road . Included in the tour package Gods Bejo ( Rural Tourism Bejiharjo ) .
How to enjoy the beauty of stalactites and stalagmites in Pindul to flow down the underground river . With a ride on rubber tires that washed away . This activity is commonly called cave tubing . River flow comes from springs gedong Seven , which never dry despite the dry season .
To enter the cave charged Rp 30 thousand , accompanied by a guide . This package includes a helmet , life jacket , rubber tires and rubber boots . Transportation to the site is provided flatbed transport vehicle . The path to the location rather steep because the asphalt starts to break down .
Before performing a search , the guide gives guidance how to cave tubing . The guides are from residents about the already professional .
Inside the cave there is a stalactite shaped like male genitalia , called the mighty stone . When held myth men can add courage . There is another form of decoration curtain wall and stone columns . There are also water pearls that when someone passes always dripping . This water is used to wash the face of women travelers . Some say this water can add beauty .
Cave combined with spiritual tourist , called eternal darkness . Being in a dark room in the middle of a cave for 20 minutes , the guide turned off all flashlights . For the safety of those around the participant .
Pindul 350 meter traced for about an hour and ends at a dam where the water is crystal clear . According to the manager , Pindul name comes from the legend . There are babies cheeks hit a rock while bathed in this cave . The Javanese call kebendhul .
The tourists must remain careful to surf despite being accompanied by a guide . Local media said the online site , there are two victims in Banyumoto Dam , in the Pindul . They entered without the knowledge manager Pindul official .
In the vicinity of tourist attractions Pindul there are several food stalls that provide meatballs and drinks . To unwind after a search . For those who want to stay are also available dwellings were in the houses around .