Ijo Temple Tourism
Ijo Temple is located in Bukit Ijo, Sambirejo village, Prambanan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Located at the high temple in Yogyakarta that presents the charm of nature and culture as well as the middle of the plane landing. This makes temple Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Down the road to the south of Queen Boko Palace complex is an exciting journey, especially for cultural tourism lovers. How not, the temple there were scattered like mushrooms in the rainy season. One of them that has not been a debate is Ijo Temple, a temple located at the height of the other temples in Yogyakarta.
Ijo Temple was built around the 9th century, on a hill known as the Green Hill Ijo dunes which height is 410 m above sea level. Because of its height, it is not only the temple but also can enjoy the natural scenery below such as terraces of agriculture land with steep slopes. Although not a fertile area, the landscape around the temple is very beautiful to enjoy.
The temple complex consists of 17 structures were divided into 11 terraces. The first terrace the yard leading to the entrance is a terrace staircase stretching from west to east. Building on the porch to-11 in the form of fences, eight stakes phallus, four buildings namely the main temple, and three ancillary temples. The laying of the building on each terrace is based on the sacredness. Building on the highest terrace is the most sacred.
Various forms of art found from the entrance to the building is classified as a Hindu temple. Just above the entrance there is a motive when makara with double heads and some of its attributes. Motif and attributes which can also be found in Buddhist temples show that such temples are acculturation forms of Hindu and Buddhist culture. Some temples have a motive when similar makara among others Ngawen, Plaosan and Sari.
There are also statues that depict women and men who drift and lead to a particular side. The figure may have several meanings. First, as suwuk to mngusir evil spirits and the second as a symbol of unity of Lord Shiva and Goddess Uma. Unity is interpreted as the beginning of the creation of the universe. Unlike the statue in Prambanan Temple, natural style of the statues in Ijo Temple do not lead to eroticism.
Towards building ancillary temples on the terrace to the 11th, there is a place like a bath of fire sacrifice (homa). Right at the top of the back wall there are air holes or vents in the form of a parallelogram and a triangle. The existence of a fire sacrifice reflects the Hindu community that worships Brahma. Three perwara show respect for the people in the Hindu Trimurti, Brahma, Shiva, and Whisnu.
One of the works that keep mystery are two inscriptions located on the terrace of the temple on the 9th. One of the inscriptions is coded F with the writing Guywan or Bluyutan meaning place for meditation. Another inscription is made of stone as high as 14 cm and 9 cm thick containing magic spells that are predicted to be a curse. Spells were written 16 times and them that read "Om Sarwwawinasa, Sarwwawinasa." It could be two inscriptions may relate closely to certain occurrences in Java at the time. What events? Has yet to unfold.
Visiting this temple, you can see the beautiful scenery that can not be found in other temples. When facing the west and look down, you can see the planes taking off and landing at Adisucipto Airport. This scenery because Thousand Mountains where the temple stands is the border of the eastern part of the airport. Because of the existence of the temple in the mountains anyway, Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Every detail of the temple presents meaningful thing and invites the audience to reflect that the trip will not just be fun. The existence of many great works of art without the name of the author shows a view of the current Java community that emphasized more on moral message presented by a work of art, not the creators or the greatness of their works.