This temple housed in Kalasan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. After being buried for hundreds of years, the first slab was found in 1966. It took 21 years to excavate and assemble hundreds of pieces of "puzzle" of stone that before Sambisari successfully reconstructed.
Nothing strange feeling that descend Karyowinangun on a morning in 1966. But a rare occurrence happened in the fields at the time, when you're swinging the spade into the ground. Hoe who swung to the ground hitting a boulder after having seen carved on its surface. Karyowinangun and local people were amazed by the presence of the boulder.
Department of archaeological findings was aware of any imminent and further stipulates rice acreage Karyowinangun as ancient asylum. Found carved stone was supposed to be part of the temple which may be buried under paddy fields. Excavation finally made up to find hundreds of other boulders along the ancient statues. And really, the stones were indeed a component of a temple.
Hose 21 years later, finally able to enjoy the beauty of the temple. Building a temple named Sambisari it stands majestically in Sambisari, Purwomartani, Kalasan, Sleman, 10 kilometers from the city center. You can reach by driving through road traffic Yogya-Solo to find a signpost to this temple. Next, we turn to the left to follow the road.
you will be surprised when he arrived at the temple area. When direct view into the middle of the temple area, just a stone structure roof looks as if only plays a few feet above the ground. What really Sambisari only small? Upon closer, then we got the answer. Apparently, Sambisari was 6.5 meters lower than the surrounding area.
Sambisari expected to be built between the years 812-838 AD, during the reign of Rakai possibility Garung. The temple complex consists of 1 main temple and 3 accompanying temple. There are two fences surrounding the temple complex, the fence has been perfectly restored, while the other fence revealed only a little to the east of the temple. Still as a barrier, there are 8 pieces phallus stakes are scattered in every direction of the wind.
Main temple building is unique because it does not have a pedestal like other temples in Java. Foot of the temple also functions as a base so that parallel to the ground. The foot of the temple is left plain, without reliefs or decorations. Various ornaments are generally in the form of new simbar found at the top of the temple of the body to the outside. The ornaments glance like batik motifs.
Climbing the stairs of the temple entrance, you can find an ornament of a lion that is in the mouth of makara (the magical animal in Hindu mythology) gaping. Figure makara in Sambisari and is an evolution of the makara form in India which can be a blend of an elephant with a fish or a crocodile with a curved tail.
1 meter wide hallway will be found after passing through the last steps of the main temple entrance. Around it, you will find three niches, each of which contains a statue. On the north side, there is a statue of Goddess Durga (the wife of Lord Shiva) with eight hands, each holding a weapon. While on the east side there is a statue of Ganesha (son of Goddess Durga). On the south side, there Agastya with aksamala (prayer beads) are worn around the neck.
Entering the main chamber of the temple, can be seen phallus and yoni is large enough, approximately 1.5 meters. Its presence indicates that the temple was built as a place of worship of Lord Shiva. Phallus and yoni in the chamber of the temple is also used to make holy water. Typically, the water poured on the phallus and allowed to flow past the small ditch on the yoni, and then collected in a container.
Exit from the main temple and headed west, you can see all three ancillary temples (companion) are facing the opposite direction. There are allegations that these ancillary temples intentionally built without a roof because when excavation is not found rocks the roof. Section in the middle of the ancillary temples have a square pedestal decorated with dragons and padmasana (lotus) spherical convex on it. Possibility, Padmasana and pedestal used as a statue or offerings.
When you have been enjoying the beauty of the temple, you can go to the information space. Some photos depicting paddy environment Karyowinangun before excavated and the initial condition of the temple when it was discovered to be found. There are also photographs of the excavation and reconstruction of the temple that lasted for tens of years, including photos of other objects found during the excavation, in the form of a bronze statue which is now kept in the Archaeological Heritage Preservation Hall.
Beauty Sambisari now we can enjoy is the result of hard work of the archaeologists for 21 years. The temple was originally like a giant puzzle, piece by piece rearranged for the sake of conservation of the cultural heritage of the great one in the past.
Ratu Boko Palace is a magnificent palace complex built in the 8th century. Can be said to be the grandest buildings in its time it was built by one of the relatives of Borobudur founder. The palace is located on Jalan Raya Yogyakarta-Solo, Prambanan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Ratu Boko Palace is a magnificent building that was built during the reign of Panangkaran, one of the descendants of the Sailendra dynasty. The palace was originally named Abhayagiri Vihara (meaning monastery in a peaceful hill) was built for seclusion and focus on the spiritual life. Being in this palace, you can feel peace and view of the city of Yogyakarta and Prambanan the background of Mount Merapi.
The palace is located 196 meters above sea level. 250,000 m2 area of the palace is divided into four, namely center, west, southeast, and east. The middle section consists of the main gateway, field, Combustion Temple, pond, and assembly hall. Meanwhile, the southeast part includes Hall, Hall-Hall, 3 temples, ponds, and complex for princess. Complex of caves, Buddhist Stupa, and a pool located on the east. While the western part consists only of the hills.
If you enter from the gate of the palace, you will go directly to the middle. Two high gates will welcome you. The first gate has three entrances while the second has 5 doors. If you are careful, the first gate will be found writing 'Panabwara'. Said that, based on inscriptions Middle Wanua III, written by Rakai Panabwara, (descendant Panangkaran) who took over the palace. The purpose of writing his name is to legitimize power, give 'power' so that a more glorious and to give sign that the building is the main building.
About 45 meters from the second gate, you will see a temple made of white stones so-called White Stone Temple. Not far from there, will find Combustion Temple. The temple is square (26 meters x 26 meters) and has 2 terraces. As the name implies, the temple was used for cremation. In addition to the second temple, a sacred terrace and a pond then you have to walk about 10 meters from the Combustion Temple.
Mysterious well be seen if you walk to the southeast of the Combustion Temple. That said, the well was named Amrita Mantana that means sacred water treated with charms. Now, the water is still often used. Local people said, well water that can bring good luck to the wearer. While Hindus use it for Tawur grand ceremony the day before Nyepi. Using water in the ceremony is believed to support the goal, which is to purify ourselves to return the earth and its contents on the initial harmony. We suggest you visit Prambanan temple one day before Nyepi day to see the ceremony process.
Stepping into the eastern part of the palace, you will see two caves, big pond measuring 20 meters x 50 meters and a Buddhist stupa looks calm. Two caves were formed from sedimentary rock called pumice breccia. Caves that are more on so-called Cave of Lanang while under the so-called Cave Wadon. Exactly in front of the Cave Lanang there is a pool and three stupas. Based on a study, it is known that the effigy is Aksobya, one of the Buddhist Pantheon.
Although it was founded by a Buddhist, it has elements of Hinduism. It can be seen with the Linga and Yoni, Ganesha statues, and gold plate that reads "Om namah swaha Rudra yes" as a form of worship to the god Rudra is another name of Lord Shiva. The existence of Hindu elements that prove the existence of religious tolerance that is reflected in architectural works. Indeed, when it Panangkaran who are Buddhists live side by side with the followers of Hinduism.
Few know that this house is witness of the initial triumph in Sumatera land. Balaputradewa had fled to the palace prior to Sumatra when attacked by Rakai Pikatan. Balaputradewa rebelled because he felt as the number two in the reign of Old Mataram Kingdom because of Rakai Pikatan marriage with Pramudhawardani (Balaputradewa brother. After he was defeated and fled to Sumatra, before he became king in the kingdom of Srivijaya.
As a heritage building, King Boko Palace is different from other inheritances. Other buildings are in the form of a temple or shrine, as the name implies this shows characteristics as a residence. It is shown from the presence of the building in the form of pillars and roof are made of wood, even though we can only see remains of a stone building. Investigate the palace, then you will get more, one of which is a very beautiful view of the sunset. An American tourist said, "This is the most beautiful sunset on earth."
Ijo Temple is located in Bukit Ijo, Sambirejo village, Prambanan, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Located at the high temple in Yogyakarta that presents the charm of nature and culture as well as the middle of the plane landing. This makes temple Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Down the road to the south of Queen Boko Palace complex is an exciting journey, especially for cultural tourism lovers. How not, the temple there were scattered like mushrooms in the rainy season. One of them that has not been a debate is Ijo Temple, a temple located at the height of the other temples in Yogyakarta.
Ijo Temple was built around the 9th century, on a hill known as the Green Hill Ijo dunes which height is 410 m above sea level. Because of its height, it is not only the temple but also can enjoy the natural scenery below such as terraces of agriculture land with steep slopes. Although not a fertile area, the landscape around the temple is very beautiful to enjoy.
The temple complex consists of 17 structures were divided into 11 terraces. The first terrace the yard leading to the entrance is a terrace staircase stretching from west to east. Building on the porch to-11 in the form of fences, eight stakes phallus, four buildings namely the main temple, and three ancillary temples. The laying of the building on each terrace is based on the sacredness. Building on the highest terrace is the most sacred.
Various forms of art found from the entrance to the building is classified as a Hindu temple. Just above the entrance there is a motive when makara with double heads and some of its attributes. Motif and attributes which can also be found in Buddhist temples show that such temples are acculturation forms of Hindu and Buddhist culture. Some temples have a motive when similar makara among others Ngawen, Plaosan and Sari.
There are also statues that depict women and men who drift and lead to a particular side. The figure may have several meanings. First, as suwuk to mngusir evil spirits and the second as a symbol of unity of Lord Shiva and Goddess Uma. Unity is interpreted as the beginning of the creation of the universe. Unlike the statue in Prambanan Temple, natural style of the statues in Ijo Temple do not lead to eroticism.
Towards building ancillary temples on the terrace to the 11th, there is a place like a bath of fire sacrifice (homa). Right at the top of the back wall there are air holes or vents in the form of a parallelogram and a triangle. The existence of a fire sacrifice reflects the Hindu community that worships Brahma. Three perwara show respect for the people in the Hindu Trimurti, Brahma, Shiva, and Whisnu.
One of the works that keep mystery are two inscriptions located on the terrace of the temple on the 9th. One of the inscriptions is coded F with the writing Guywan or Bluyutan meaning place for meditation. Another inscription is made of stone as high as 14 cm and 9 cm thick containing magic spells that are predicted to be a curse. Spells were written 16 times and them that read "Om Sarwwawinasa, Sarwwawinasa." It could be two inscriptions may relate closely to certain occurrences in Java at the time. What events? Has yet to unfold.
Visiting this temple, you can see the beautiful scenery that can not be found in other temples. When facing the west and look down, you can see the planes taking off and landing at Adisucipto Airport. This scenery because Thousand Mountains where the temple stands is the border of the eastern part of the airport. Because of the existence of the temple in the mountains anyway, Adisucipto airport runway can not be extended to the east.
Every detail of the temple presents meaningful thing and invites the audience to reflect that the trip will not just be fun. The existence of many great works of art without the name of the author shows a view of the current Java community that emphasized more on moral message presented by a work of art, not the creators or the greatness of their works.
Pura Besakih is a complex of temples that are located in the village of Besakih, Rendang sub district, Bali, Indonesia. The complex consists of a Pura Besakih Pura Centre (Penataran Agung Besakih) and 18 Pura Assistance (1 Pura Pura Basukian and 17 Other). At Temple Basukian, this is the first time in the area where the receipt of God's revelation by Rsi Markendya Hyang, the precursor of Religion Hindu Dharma in Bali now, as its center. Pura Besakih is the center of activities of all temples in Bali. Among all pretended to be included in the Besakih complex, Penataran Great was the largest temple, most buildings pelinggihnya, most types upakaranya and is the center and all the temples in Besakih temple complex. In the Supreme Penataran there are 3 main temple statue or symbol of God's nature Stana Tri Murti, namely Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva which is the symbol of God the Creator, Preserver and god god fuser / Reincarnation. Pura Besakih on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site nomination since 1995.
The physical presence of Pura Besakih building, not just a place bersemayamnya God, according to Hindu Dharma Religious belief, the largest on the island of Bali, but it has a background connection with the meaning of Mount Agung. A highest mountain on the island of Bali which is believed to be the central Government Nature Spirits, Nature of the Gods, who became the messenger of God for the region and around the island of Bali. So it is fitting that on the slopes of Mount Agung Southwest made for the sanctity of human building, Pura Besakih meaningful philosophical.
Terkadung philosophical meaning in the Pura Besakih in its development contain elements of culture that includes:
Life of equipment and technology,
Livelihood of living,
Religion and ceremonies, and
The seventh element of culture is embodied in the form of cultural ideas, a form of cultural activity, and the form of material culture. It has appeared both in the pre-Hindu or the Hindu who has been progressing through the mythic stage, the stage of ontology and functional stages.
Object of Research
Pura Besakih as the object of research related to social and cultural life of the community in Karangasem regency of Bali Province.
Based on a study, Pura Besakih physical building has been progressing from pre-Hindu culture with evidence of the menhirs, punden terraces, steps, statues, which evolved into the building in the form of Meru, pelinggih, gedong, or Padmasana as a result of the Hindu culture.
The background of the existence of a physical building Pura Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung is a place of worship to worship mountain gods conceived as a palace of the supreme God.
At that stage of human functional Balinese man finds himself as homo religious and have religious culture that is social, the cultural activities related activity is always associated with the teachings of Hindu Religion.
In Hindu culture of Bali, it turns out the meaning of Pura Besakih identified as part of the development of social culture of the Balinese people from starting pre-Hindu is heavily influenced by changes in the elements of culture that flourished, so the influence of cultural change in the form of ideas, a form of cultural activity, and a form of cultural the material. The changes are related to the doctrine concerning Tattwa about the concept of divinity, Tata-moral doctrine that governs how Hindus in bertingka behavior, and teaching settings in the ceremony is a ritual activity from people offering to his Lord, so that all three courses is a unity in the teaching of Religion Hindu Dharma in Bali.
The complex consists of 18 Pura Besakih Pura Pura and 1 Utama. Pura Besakih is the center of activities of all temples in Bali. This object is suitable for travelers who like to cultural tourism. One tip, if you do not have time to linger here, focus to the Pura Basukian, Penataran the Great (the largest), Dark and Pura Pura Batumadeg.
But do not forget, to respect local customs, during his visit to Pura Besakih you should wear modest clothing with a cloth and scarves (can be rented at the front entrance).
Open daily from 8:00 to 17:00 pm, with ticket prices around Rp7.000's. If you come alone, you can enlist the services of a tour guide to accompany a cost of about Rp 10 thousand to Rp30 thousand (negotiable). Clever-smart bargain!
If you're hungry here are also available food stalls or food and beverage stores. In the village of Besakih also many hotels, bunglow, and several guest houses. But if you decide to spend the night in the temple area, get ready for thick blankets and warm clothing for Besakih expel air is very cold at night.
Angkor Wat is a temple located in Cambodia and is regarded as one of the wonders of the world. She was built by King Suryavarman II in the mid-12th century. Construction of the temple of Angkor Wat take as long as 30 years. Angkor Wat is located on the plain of Angkor are also building temples filled with the beautiful-beautiful, but Angkor Wat is the most famous temples in the Angkor plain.
King Suryavarman II, Angkor Wat building according to Hindu belief that putting mountain Meru as the center of the world and is home to Hindu deities, with the central tower of Angkor Wat is the tallest tower and the main tower within the built Angkor Wat.
As tales of Mount Meru, the temples of Angkor Wat is surrounded by walls and the canal that represents the ocean and the mountains that surround the world. The main entrance to Angkor Wat half-mile along the railing decorated with hand holder and flanked by man-made sea that are recognized as Barays.
The entrance to the Angkor Wat temple through the gate, representing jambatan rainbow that connects between the natural world with the gods of nature.
Angkor Wat is in good shape compared with other temples in the plains due to Angkor Wat Angkor has been exchanged into berterusan kuilBuddha and is used when replacing the Buddhist belief in the Hindu belief of Angkor in the 13th century. Temple of Angkor never colonized by Siam in 1431.
For centuries, the area around the Mekong River delta and central Cambodia, under the authority of the Kingdom of Java (now Indonesia). But in the year 802, Khmer prince Jayavarman II, who was born and raised in the palace of the kingdom of Java in the Sailendra dynasty, declared that the territory inhabited by Khmer people, separated from Java. And then establish a new kingdom, the kingdom of Angkor.
Prince Javawarman II was crowned as Devaraja (god king) by a Brahman priest. In subsequent years, Jayavarman repeatedly moved his capital. First of all in Indrapura (east of Kampong Cham), then to Wat Phou (now Laos south end) and last in Rolous (near Angkor).
In the year 889, Yasovarman I became king of Khmer. He began to build Angkor, which was later renamed Yasodharapura. RajaYasovarman reigned until the year 900.
In 1002, Suryavarman I seized the throne. Under his rule, the Angkor kingdom expanded to the areas that now is the country of Thailand and Laos.
In 1080, after Angkor was conquered by the kingdom of Champa, the northernmost province of Khmer governor declared himself as king, bearing the name of Jayavarman VI. He ruled the new Khmer empire from the most northern province of Khmer. In 1113, a nephew of Jayavarman VI is crowned king of royal Khmer. He chose to bear the name of Suryavarman II. During his reign, Angkor Wat was built.
In 1177, Angkor re-conquered by the troops of Champa. Jayavarman VII, nephew of Suryavarman II, became king in 1181 and later conquered Vijaya, the capital of the kingdom of Champa (now Vietnam). Under the reign of Jayavarman VII, Khmer territory expanded, even the largest of which has ever had. Thailand and Laos reached its territory, even to Myanmar, Malaysia and Vietnam. Jayavarman VII changed religion from Hinduism to Buddhism and make Buddhism the national religion is new.
In 1200, Angkor Thom as the capital of the new kingdom, began to be built. Construction of Angkor Thom is very large, have drained the sources of wealth of the Khmer Empire. So that in subsequent years, the Khmer have problems in the economy.
In the following decades, began to look at the decline of Angkor. In the West, Thai kingdoms dominated political forces. In the East, the kingdoms of Vietnam increasingly uphill. As a small country, Cambodia to try to survive.
Khmer kingdom relies heavily on Tai kingdoms and Vietnam. To be freed from the oppression of one nation conquering, Khmer needed help from other powerful countries. But the Khmer have to pay all its debts as payment of compensation.
In 1432, after Angkor was conquered again by the royal Thai, Khmer people leave the capital and lived in the jungle.
Candi Rara or Lara Jonggrang Jonggrang located in Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple complex in Indonesia. This temple is situated on the island of Java, about 20 km east of Yogyakarta, 40 km west of Surakarta and 120 km south of Semarang, just on the border between the provinces of Central Java and Yogyakarta. Rara Jonggrang temple Prambanan located in the village whose territory is divided between the districts of Sleman and Klaten.
This temple was built in about the year 850 AD by one of these two men, namely: Rakai Pikatan, the second king of Mataram dynasty I or Balitung Maha Sambu, during Sanjaya dynasty. Not long after being built, the temple was abandoned and deteriorating.
In 1733, this temple was found by the CA. Lons a Dutch national, then in 1855 Jan Willem IJzerman start to clean and move some rocks and soil from the chambers of the temple. some time later Isaac Groneman perform large-scale demolition and temple stones were piled haphazardly along the River Opak. In 1902-1903, Theodoor van Erp keep parts are prone to collapse. In the years 1918-1926, followed by the Bureau of Archeological (Oudheidkundige Dienst) under PJ Perquin in a more methodical and systematic, as known to his predecessors did the removal and demolition of thousands of stone without thinking of the restoration effort kembali.Pada De Haan in 1926 continued until his death in 1930. In 1931 was replaced by Ir. V.R. van Romondt up in 1942 and later handed over leadership to the son of Indonesia's renovation and continued until 1993 .
Many parts of the temple are renovated, using new stone, because many of the original stones were stolen or reused elsewhere. A temple will only be restored when at least 75% of the original stone is still there. Therefore, many small temples are not rebuilt and only visible foundations only.
Now, this temple is a protected site by UNESCO since 1991. Among other things this means that the complex is shielded and has a special status, eg also in situations of war.
Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple in Southeast Asia, the main building height is 47m.
This temple complex consists of 8 main shrines or temples and more than 250 small temples.
Three main temple called Trisakti and presented to the hyang Trimurti: Shiva Batara the Destroyer, Vishnu the Preserver and Batara Batara Brahma the Creator.
Shiva temple in the middle, contains four rooms, one room in every direction of the wind. While the former contains a statue of Shiva Batara as high as three meters, the other three statues contain a smaller size, the statue of Durga, Shiva Batara sakti or wife, Agastya, his teacher, and Ganesha, his son.
Durga is also known as Rara or Lara / Loro Jongrang (slender virgin) by the locals. For details see the article Loro Jonggrang.
Two other temples dedicated to Vishnu Batara, facing to the north and the other Batara dedicated to Brahma, who is facing south. In addition there are several other small temples dedicated to the calf Nandini, vehicle Batara Shiva, the Goose, vehicle Batara Brahma, and the Garuda, Vishnu Batara vehicle.
Then relief around the edge twenty temples depict the epic Ramayana. The version described here is different from Kakawin Old Javanese Ramayana, but similar to the Ramayana story passed down through oral tradition. Besides the temple complex is surrounded by more than 250 temples of different sizes and are called ancillary. Inside the temple complex of Prambanan there are also museums that store historical objects, including stone god Shiva Linga, the emblem kesuburun.
On the wall of the balustrade of the temple of Shiva and Brahma temples carved reliefs of the Ramayana story, while on the fence steps carved reliefs Krisnayana Vishnu temple. Shiva temple entrance from the east turn left you will find the story of Ramayana reliefs clockwise, the next story continued relief in the temple of Brahma.
Prambanan temple is known as a Dutchman named kembai CALons visited Java in 1733 and reported on the existence of temple ruins overgrown with shrubs. The first attempt to save time by IJzerman Prambanan Temple in 1885 by cleaning the cubicles of the ruins of stone temples. In 1902 just started a job coaching, led by Van Erp for the Shiva temple, Vishnu temple and Brahma temple. Attention to Prambanan temple continues to grow. In 1933 successfully arranged trial Brahma and Vishnu temple. After experiencing a variety of obstacles, on December 23, 1953 Shiva temple completely refurbished. Brahma temple began in 1978 restored and inaugurated in 1987. Vishnu started refurbished in 1982 and was completed in 1991. Subsequent restoration activities carried out on three ancillary temples that are in front of the temple of Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma temples besarta 4 color and 4 corner temples / peg.
Prambanan temple complex built by Wamca Kings (Dynasty) Sanjaya in the 9th century. Prambanan is the enshrinement in the main temple complex facing east, with the overall shape resembles a mound at 47 feet tall puppet. Hinduism knows Tri Murti of Brahma as the Creator, Lord Vishnu as the Preserver, Lord Shiva as the Destroyer. The main chamber of the main temple of Lord Shiva is occupied as the Supreme Deity so it can be concluded Prambanan temple is Shiva. Or Shiva Prambanan temple is also often referred to as the temple of Loro Jonggrang related to the legend that tells of a virgin who Jonggrang or a tall girl, the daughter of King Boko, who built his empire on the hill south of the temple complex of Prambanan.
The edge is limited by the balustrade of the temple, which is decorated with reliefs of Ramayana can be enjoyed when we berperadaksina (walk around the temple with cansi center is always on the right of us) through the alley. The story continues on the balustrade of Brahma temple located on the left (south) of the main temple. Being on the balustrade of Vishnu temple is located on the right (north) of the main temple, carved reliefs depicting the story Kresnadipayana childhood story of King Krishna as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu in combating keangkaramurkaan who want sweeping the world.
Booth overlooking the main temple to the north contains Parung Durga, the consort of Lord Shiva, but generally people call it a statue of Roro Jonggrang, which according to legend, the stone statues before the living body of a beautiful princess, who was condemned by the knights Bondowoso, to complement its ability to create a thousand statues in one night.
The temple of Brahma and Vishnu temples each have one room that is occupied by statues of the gods in question.
The third front of the temple of the god Trimurti that there are three temples containing the vehicle (vehicle) is the third god. The third temple has now been restored and the only temple in the middle (in front of Shiva temple) which still contains a statue of a bull named Nandi, vehicle of Lord Shiva.
Statue of geese as a vehicle of Brahma and Vishnu statues eagle as a vehicle which is expected before filling chambers of the temple is located in front of the second temple deity has now been restored.
Sixth temple represent two groups facing each other, located on a page of a square, with sides 110 feet long.
Inside the pages are still standing other temples, the temple is 2 pieces clamp with a height of 16 meters facing each other, that a stand on the north and the other standing in the south, 4 color and 4 temples temples sedut.
Pages in Hindu society which is considered as the most sacred page, located in the middle of the central courtyard which has 222 meters, and at first contain ancillary temples of 224 pieces in rows around the page in 3 nautical
Prambanan Hindu Temple Beautiful in the World
Prambanan is incredibly beautiful building built in the 10th century during the reign of two kings, Rakai Rakai Pikatan and Balitung. Rose as high as 47 feet (5 meters higher than Borobudur temple), the foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in Java Island. This temple is located 17 kilometers from the city center, in the middle of the area that is now a beautiful park.
There is a legend that Javanese people always tell about this temple. Once, a man named Roro Jonggrang Bondowoso love. Because of his love, Jonggrang asked Bondowoso make 1000 temples with statues in one night. The request was nearly fulfilled Jonggrang asked the villagers to pound rice and make a big fire that created an atmosphere like the morning. Bondowoso who only completed 999 statues cursed into a statue to Jonggrang-1000 because he felt cheated.
Prambanan temple has three main temples in the primary yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. These three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. The third temple was facing to the east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Swan to Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. In addition, there are two temples wedge, 4 temples color, and 4 corner temples. In the second had 224 temples.
Entering Shiva temple located in the middle and the highest building, you will find a room 4. One main room with a statue of Shiva, while the other 3 chambers each containing a statue of Durga (Shiva's wife), Agastya (Shiva's teacher), and Ganesha (the son of Shiva). Durga is mentioned as a statue of Roro Jonggrang described in the legend above.
In the Vishnu temple is located in the north of the temple of Shiva, you will only find one room with a statue of Vishnu. Brahma temple, which lies south of Shiva temple, you will only find one room with a statue of Brahma.
Quite attractive accompanying temple is Garuda temple located near the Vishnu temple. This temple keeps a story of half-bird called Garuda. Garuda is a mythical bird in Hindu mythology who was gold, white face, red wings, beak and wings like eagles. Estimated, figure is Hindu adaptation of Bennu figure (meaning 'sunrise' or 'shining', associated with the god Re) in ancient Egyptian mythology or Phoenix in Greek mythology. Garuda succeeded in saving his mother from the curse of Aruna (Garuda's brother who was born handicapped) by stealing Tirta Amrita (holy water of the gods).
Ability to save that which is admired by many people until now and are used for various purposes. Indonesia uses the symbol of the state. That said, the emblem of Garuda Pancasila creator for inspiration in this temple. Other countries also use it to sign the country is Thailand, with the same reason but different form adaptation and appearance. In Thailand, Garuda is known as Krut or Pha Krut.
Prambanan also has panels of relief describing the story of Ramayana. According to experts, the relief is similar to the Ramayana story is revealed through oral tradition. Another interesting relief is Kalpataru tree that the Hindu religion is considered as a tree of life, sustainability and environmental compatibility. At the Prambanan reliefs depicted Kalpataru trees flanking the lion. The existence of this tree makes experts consider that the people of the 9th century had wisdom to manage its environment.
Just like the figure of Garuda, Kalpataru is now also used for various purposes. In Indonesia, Kalpataru became a symbol of Environment (Walhi). In fact, some scientists in Bali to develop the concept of Tri Hita Karana for environmental conservation by seeing Kalpataru relief in this temple. Tree of life can also be found in the mountains that used to open the puppet arts. A proof that the relief panels in Prambanan has worldwide.
If careful, you can also see various birds relief, this time a real bird. Bird reliefs at Prambanan are so natural that biologists can identify to genus level. One was relief of Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) that invites questions. Why, the bird was actually just there Masakambing Island, an island in the Java Sea. Then, whether the type that was once widely available in Yogyakarta? Please find out yourself. Because, until now no single person who could solve the mystery.
In ancient times the island of Java, especially in the area stand two pieces Prambanan Hindu kingdom is the kingdom of Pengging and Kraton Boko. Pengging kingdom is a fertile and prosperous work led by a wise and prudent king named King Damar Moyo and had a son, a man named Raden Bondowoso.
Kraton Boko is in territory Pengging kingdom ruled by a cruel king and insolence which no ordinary man but the intangible tangible huge giant who likes to eat human flesh, named Prabu Boko. However, Prabu Boko had a beautiful daughter and lovely tub of Khayangan angel named Princess Loro Jonggrang.
King Boko also have a tangible giant named duke duke Gupolo. King Boko wanted to rebel and want to master Pengging kingdom, then he and the duke of Gupolo gather strength and gather equipped by training young men to be soldiers and asked for people's property for the stock.
Having considered sufficient preparation, Prabu Boko and then departed to the kingdom Pengging soldiers to revolt. Then was war in the Kingdom Pengging between the soldiers and the soldiers Pengging lawyer Boko Palace.
Many of the casualties on both sides and the people Pengging be suffering because of war, many people hunger and poverty.
Knowing his people suffering and many casualties of soldiers who died, the King of Damar Moyo sent his son Prince Bondowoso go to war against King Boko and terjadilan a very fierce war between the Prince Bondowoso against King Boko. Because the miracle Raden Bondowoso Prabu Boko then be destroyed. Seeing the king died, the duke of Gupolo escape. Raden Bondowoso pursue Patih Gupolo to Kraton Boko.
After arriving at Kraton Boko, Patih Gupolo reported on Princess Loro Jonggrang that his father had been killed on the battlefield, killed by a knight named Raden Pengging Bondowoso. Princess Loro Jonggrang wept, sad heart because his father had been killed on the battlefield.
Then cometh Raden Bondowoso at Kraton Boko and was troubled, Raden Bondowoso saw Princess Loro Jonggrang is beautiful, then he wants to marry Princess Loro Jonggrang as his wife.
However Princess Loro Jonggrang not want dipersunting Raden Bondowoso because he had killed his father. To reject the proposal Raden Bondowoso, then Princess Loro Jonggrang have finesse. Princess Loro Jonggrang manu dipersunting Raden Bondowoso as long as he could grant the two requests Princess Loro Jonggrang. The first request, Princess Loro Jonggrang asked for Jalatunda wells while the second request, Princess Loro Jonggrang asked for 1000 temples in one night.
Raden Bondowoso undertakes second daughter of the request. Immediately Raden Bondowoso make a well Jalatunda and after so he called Princess Loro Jonggrang to see the well.
Then Princess Loro Jonggrang sent Raden Bondowoso into the wells. After Raden Bondowoso into the wells, Princess Loro Jonggrang ruling duke of wells and Raden Gupolo hoard was buried Bondowoso stone in the well. Princess Loro Jonggrang and Patih Gupolo assume that Raden Bondowoso has died at the well but in the well Bondowoso Raden was not dead then he meditated to get out of the wells and Raden Bondowoso out of the well safely.
Raden Bondowoso Princess Loro Jonggrang met with furious that has accumulated itself in the well. But because beauty Princess Loro Jonggrang Raden Bondowoso anger subsided.
Then Princess Loro Jonggrang bill promises a second request to the Prince Bondowoso to make 1000 temples in one night. Bondowoso Raden then immediately ordered the genie to make the temple but the Princess Loro Jonggrang want to frustrate Prince Bondowoso make the temple. He ordered the girls to pound and burning straw to look bright for the sign of the morning had arrived and the cock was crowing interchangeably.
Hear the cock crowing and people pound rice and visible light in the east then the genie stop making temples. Jin reported on Prince Bondowoso that genie can not continue to make less of the temple since morning had arrived. But the hunch Raden Bondowoso am not yet arrived. Then it was called Princess Loro Jonggrang temple and was told to calculate the sums are 999 temples, lived an unfinished temple.
So Princess Loro Jonggrang not want dipersunting Raden Bondowoso. Because the deceived and tricked the Prince Bondowoso once wrath and curse Princess Loro Jonggrang "Hi Loro temple Jonggrang genapnya less one and one thousand thou art". So bizarre Princess Loro Jonggrang it turned into a statue of stone sculpture.
And until now the statue of Loro Jonggrang statues still exist at Prambanan and Raden Bondowoso condemned the girls around Prambanan be a virgin kasep (spinster) for helping Princess Loro Jonggrang.