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Showing posts with label wonder. Show all posts
Showing posts with label wonder. Show all posts

Table Mountain South Africa Tourism(7 Wonder in theWorld)



Table Mountain is an icon of South Africa and the only natural site on the planet to have a constellation of stars that were given the same name - Mensa, which means "table".
 Flat crested mountain has survived six million years of erosion and is home to a small but richest floral kingdom with more than 1470 species of flowers. Table Mountain has a large number of rare and endangered species. This is the best known sites in Cape Town, the gate of Africa, because of the unique flat top and reaches 1086 m asl.

Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa. This is a significant tourist attraction, with many visitors using the cableway or hiking to the summit. Mount is part of the Table Mountain National Park.




Features Table Mountain seen from the main Head.The features Table Mountain lions are the level plateau approximately 3 kilometers (2 miles) from side to side, surrounded by steep cliffs. Plateau, flanked by Devil's Peak in the east and by Lion's Head to the west, forming a dramatic backdrop to Cape Town and its Table Bay harbor, and together with Signal Hill form a natural amphitheater of the City Bowl.




The highest point on Table Mountain is towards the eastern end of the plateau and is characterized by Maclear's Beacon, a stone Cairn built in 1865 by Sir Thomas Maclear for trigonometrical survey. It is 1086 meters (3563 feet) above sea level, about 19 meters (62 feet) higher than the cable station at the western end of the plateau.


The cliffs on the main plateau are split by Parks Platteklip ("Flat Stone Garden"), which provides easy and direct ascent to the summit and the route taken by Antonio de Saldanha on the first recorded ascent of the mountain in the year 1503.



Flat top of the mountain is often covered by orographic clouds, formed when the wind is directed onto the south eastern slopes of the mountain to the cooler air, where water condenses to form the fabric "table called" cloud. Legend attributes this phenomenon to a smoking contest between Satan and the local pirate named Van grabber. When the table cloth looks, it symbolizes the contest.

Table Mountain at the north end of the sandstone mountains that form the backbone of the Cape Peninsula. To the south of the main plateau is the bottom of the range called the Back Table. On the Atlantic coast of the peninsula, the range is known as the Twelve Apostles. This range continues southward to Cape Point.




Panorama from the top of Table Mountain. From left to right are Lion's Head seen, Signal Hill, Robben Island, Cape Town city center, Table Bay and Devil's Peak.Geology Cape Peninsula and Table Mountain Landsat image over SRTM Elevation. North to the left of the picture, and Table Mountain is in the foreground on the northern tip of the peninsula.



Table Mountain from the upper slopes of the mesa mountain Lion Head.The consists of Ordovician quartzitic sandstone, often referred to as the Table Mountain Sandstone (TMS), which is highly resistant to erosion and other forms characteristic steep gray cliffs. Below the sandstone is a layer of basalt flakes of mica, the weather is quite easy and therefore not easily visible. basement consists of folded and weight change late Precambrian Malmesbury shale, which have been intruded by Cape Granite. Bedrock is not nearly as resistant to weathering as TMS but significant outcrops of Cape Granite visible on the west side of Lion's Head.





flora

The main vegetation of the mountain is a unique and rich Cape fynbos, which is part of the Cape Floral Region protected areas. These areas are protected as a World Heritage Site, and an estimated 2200 plant species found on the mountain alone. Among these species are many types of Proteas.




Remaining indigenous forest patches remain in some but not on wet cliff face is more open on the town, where conditions are too dry and rough to the forest. The mountain is also suffering from a serious attack of foreign plants for over a century, with the worst invaders may be a cluster of pine trees. considerable effort has been made to eliminate alien plants.

fauna


The most common animals on the mountain is the dassie, or rock hyrax. They especially cluster around the upper cable station, near the area where tourists can discard or (illegally) the food supply. There are also hedgehogs, mongooses, snakes and turtles. Last lion was shot in the area around the year 1802.
Leopards hold on the mountain until probably the 1920's but are now locally extinct. Two smaller, secret, carnivorous night, which rooikat (Caracal) and vaalboskat (also called vaalkat or African Wild Cat) used on the mountain. rooikat continue to be seen on rare occasions by mountaineers vaalboskat but status is uncertain.




Himalayan tahrs, descendants tahrs fugitive who escaped from the Groote Schuur zoo in 1936, is used for the public at the top of the mountain less accessible. As an exotic species, they almost destroyed through eradication program initiated by the South African National Parks to make way for the reintroduction of indigenous klipspringers. Until recently there was also a small number of European fallow deer and sambar deer of Southeast Asia are particularly at Rhodes Memorial area but during the 1960's they can be found as far afield as Signal Hill. The beast may now have been eliminated or moved.

History

Table Mountain from Captain Cook's ship HMS Resolution by William Hodges (1772) De Villers reservoir, just to the left as the Bridle Path reaches the top of the original Back TableThe name given to the mountain by the first Khoi inhabitants kwaggo Hoeri '("sea mountain").




Prehistoric people first left evidence here of more than 600,000 years ago. This evidence of Early Stone Age hunter-gatherers found in a depression near the Cape of Good Hope. Middle Stone Age people (from 200,000 to 40,000 years ago) also left evidence of their lives on the Peninsula. Fossils from about 8000 BC shows that by that period the population of this region have developed bows and arrows which they use for hunting.

San (or Bushmen) hunter-gatherers relying on the beach for most of their food. This resulted in the naming of the Netherlands, Strandlopers (beach combers). About 2000 years ago Khoikhoi migrated from the north, displacing the San, by bringing their cattle and sheep herds. It was a Khoikhoi tribe dominant when Europeans sailed into Table Bay.




António de Saldanha was the first European who landed in Table Bay. He's a big mountain to climb in 1503 and named it 'Table Mountain'. Big cross that Portuguese navigator carved in the rock of Lion's Head is still traceable.

In 1796, during the British occupation of the Cape, Major-General Sir James Craig ordered three blockhouses to be built at Table Mountain: stronghold of the King, Duke of York's stronghold (later renamed Queen's stronghold), and the stronghold of the Prince of Wales. Two of them are in ruins today, but the stronghold of the King is still in good condition  and is easily accessible from the Rhodes Memorial.




Between 1896, and 1907 five dams, the Woodhead, Hely-Hutchison, De Villiers, Alexandria and Victoria reservoirs, opened in Tables Return to Cape Town's water supply needs. A ropeway ride from Camps Bay via the cliff Kasteelspoort used to ferry materials and labor (the anchor points on the old station can still be seen). There is a steam locomotive preserved from this period are stored in the Museum of taps on the top of the mountain near the dam Hely-Hutchinson.
Been used to transport materials to the dam at the top of the mountain flat. water requirements of Cape Town has since far exceeded the capacity of the dam and they no longer become an important part of the water supply.




The mountain is a part of the new Cape Peninsula National Park in the 1990's. The park was renamed by the Table Mountain National Park in 1998.

Fires are common in the mountains. Recent major fire occurred in January 2006, destroying a large amount of vegetation and resulted in the death of tourists.

A charge of arson and murder were laid against innocent British people suspected of starting the blaze.

Cableway






Table Mountain Aerial Cable CarThe Table Mountain cableway [11] carrying passengers from the lower cable station on Tafelberg Road, about 302 m above sea level, to the plateau at the top of the mountain. Upper cable station offers views overlooking Cape Town, Table Bay and Robben Island in the north, and the Atlantic seaboard in the west and south.




Development cableway was first started in 1926, and the cableway was officially opened in 1929. In 1997, the cableway was extensively upgraded, and new cars were introduced carrying 65 instead of 25 passengers. The new cars provide a faster trip to the top, and rotate through 360 degrees during the ascent or descent, giving views of the city.

Upper cable station offers viewpoints, curio shops, restaurants and walking trails of various lengths.

Activities Hiking





Winter ascent of Table Mountain. Climbers set out on one of the popular trailsHiking on Table Mountain is popular among locals and tourists, and a number of tracks of varying difficulty are available. Because of the steep cliffs around the summit, direct ascents from the side of the city is limited.

Platteklip Gorge, a canyon leading the center of the main table, was immediately popular and direct ascent to the summit. Par for the course is approximately 2.5 hours, but carried out between 1-3 hours depending on one's fitness level.




a longer route to the top go through the Table Again, a lower area of ​​Table Mountain south of the main plateau. From the South Suburbs, Garden Nursery Ravine and Skeleton route starts from Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden. The route via Skeleton Gorge to Maclears Beacon known as Smuts Track in January Smuts memory, which is a sharp pedestrians. Bridle road, or Jeep Track, making the ascent more gradual ari Constantia Nek along the road that used to service the dam on the Back Table. There are many other roads in the popular walking area on the slopes below the mountain accessible from Constantia Nek, Cecilia Forest, Kirstenbosch, Newlands Forest and Rhodes Memorial.



On the Atlantic side, the most popular ascent is Kasteelspoort, a cliff overlooking Camps Bay, while the Pipe Track is a popular route with pedestrian level.

The Trails Hoerikwaggo  are four hiking trails on Table Mountain between two to six days, which is operated by the National Parks of South Africa.



Area's original inhabitants, who Khoekhoen and San tribes called Table Mountain Hoerikwaggo - "sea mountain". Fourth Table Mountain hiking trails called the People's Trail, Table Mountain Trail, Orangekloof Hiking Trail Trail and Top Tips.
Rock climbing Rock climbing on Table Mountain is a very popular hobby. There are well-documented route many different levels of difficulty climbing the mountain face. The main climbs are located on the cliffs below the upper cable station. No run can be done here and only traditional climbing is permitted.
Commercial groups also offer abseiling from the upper cable station.




Caving Most important cave in the world occur in Table Mountain limestone but is unusual in having several large cave systems that have developed in the sandstone. The biggest is the Wynberg cave system, located in Table Back, not far from the Jeep Track, in the mountains overlooking Orange Kloof and Hout Bay.

"Mensa" constellation of Table Mountain is the only terrestrial feature to give the name of a constellation-Mensa, means table. Constellations are visible in the southern hemisphere, below Orion, around midnight in mid-July. It named by French astronomer Nicolas de Lacaille during his stay at the Cape in the mid-eighteenth century.
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Great Pyramid Giza Egypt (7 wonders of the World)



Pyramid Giza

Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest pyramid of the three pyramids at Giza necropolis and it is believed that the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh, Khufu (Χεωψ, Cheops) and constructed for more than 20 years and is estimated to take place in about the year 2560 BCE. Pyramid is sometimes referred to as the Pyramid of Khufu.

El Giza Giza region or also known as El Gizeh Gizeh or (Al Jizah) is a region located in the area near Cairo (Egypt), the pyramids are found here are the largest category in comparison with the pyramids on earth.

Pyramids of Giza or the great pyramid that lay on a bed of desert temperatures over 35 degrees Celsius is composed of three large Pyramids Sphinx plus one. It is the third pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), Khafre (Rakhaef / Chephren) and Menkaure (Mycerinus) plus three small pyramids. Each of the pyramid of Cheops and Mycerinus Chepren have the same interior.



There is a king room, queen room, the door of the tunnel (four feet in diameter with a length of 40 meters). Most residents in the century known as a farmer. they make use of the Nile valley to serve as their waters.

Giza pyramid complex was built the ancient Egyptians about 5000 years ago has a broad area that could be equated between the distance from St. Peter (Rome), the Cathedral of Florence (Milan) to the St. Paul (London). Also believed to be a collection of stones at the Giza Pyramids when put together can make a 3-meter-high walls with a thickness of 0.3 meters which can cover the whole of France.



When compared with the Empire State Building in New York, pyramid or pyramid is greater than 30 times and can even be seen from the moon. While the Egyptians Kunosendiri build it in 30 years. Not to mention of how to move the stone pyramid of rock and compile them into a high (some say made structures on slopes or screw as the screw is then whitewashed with lime stone on the outer layer.

Someone mentioned that these rocks are the result of casting), construction of accurate weight and center point of the object. So as previously stated there is mention that the Pyramid was built by a UFO by linking with a portrait of the pyramids on Mars. Anything else is speculated that the pyramids were built by man are stranded future in the past.




There is also a pyramid associated with the constellation Orion constellation in terms of the location of the pyramids of Giza and the Pyramids katiga Mayapun believed to have the same location and position of clusters based on the Orion constellation. In addition it is also believed to have room under the Sphinx (who called off Hall Records) which is the secret key to the Zep's Edge which is a past golden age when the Pyramids of Giza is made.




According to research from scientists and Archaeology, raw material for making pyramid taken from several places. Eg limestone from Tura, granite from Aswan, copper from the Sinai and Lebanon wood for the coffins of all of which are transported through the Nile. Then the workers average worker died at a young age between 30 years due to spinal cord injury due to carry very heavy loads. Then there are also revealed how the emergency aid for the injured worker.



Approximately four years ago, I began to set foot on this earth-one of the main prophets nickname for Egypt. Of the country, I took a million dreams and visions of Egypt. From Indonesia with Hopes, so to speak.

Egyptian culture is like two sides of the piece of metal. Different but still it's the same thing. Positive and negative side is always there, even so in the land of Egypt. Quite often I find the behavior of most people that sucks, but many are pleasant and soothing when viewed.

Presumably, the words 'Amr ibn' Ash, the hero who managed to subdue Egypt (fath Mashr, 640 AD), while expressing his first impression of Egyptian society, is quite represent the existence of two positive and negative sides of it in Egypt. He said: "... Nisâ'uhum ruqosô, kibâruhum juhalâ, wa shigôruhum adzkiyâ '... / the women are dancers, a stupid adult, while the little kids are so smart ...".




Among the cities that are part of the history of world civilization in Egypt, Cairo and Giza is one of the main city with an abundance of cultural expressions. If you berpelancong to Egypt, you will be invited to enjoy the beauty of Cairo and Giza through the City Tour. The goal was fariativ tourist attraction. But, there are some places that became a major tourist attraction in the City Tour, such as Pyramid and Sphinx of Giza, the Museum Tahrer, River Nile and the Khan el-Khalili.

Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) at Giza is the largest pyramid built by King Pharaoh Khufu, the third king of Dynasty IV in 2690 BC in the land area of ​​13 acres. 146 meters high (136 live now due to erosion at the top). Number of stones about 2.5 million meter3. About the number of employees, Wieslaw Kozinki, a Polish architect, believed that at least tedapat average of 25 people to carry a piece of rock weighing 1 to 1.5 tons. Recent research shows that there are at least 8-12 people who draw a stone size of 2.5 tons. Petrie, a leading Egyptolog justify what is written Herodotus, Greek historian, about the presence of 100 thousand workers in the construction of pyramids.




Two other pyramids at Giza is, or Chepren Khafre, and Mycerinos. Khafre Pyramid was built by King Khafre, the son of King Cheops, in the year 2650 BC, the height reaches 136 meters, the length of its side is 214 meters, and the amount of 2.2 million meter3 stone. One again, pyramid Menkaure (Mycerinos) built by Menkaure, Khafre's son king in 2600 BC, with a height of 104 meters and 62 meters long side.

In addition to the three famous Pyramid of Giza which was, in fact there are many pyramids in Egypt. Total number reaches 94 pyramids. Only the forms are relatively smaller than the third Giza Pyramid. Pyramid-pyramid is believed to be the burial place of kings Pharaoh / Ramses along with their wealth which came to power in 2635-1780 BC. Architecture's first pyramid was Imhotep maker. Pyramid shape that led to this cone describes a ladder that will deliver the king who died to heaven.




The Sphinx is a statue of a human-headed lion-bodied, with a length of 57 meters, was built by King Chepren in the same year with Chepren pyramid. Sphinx is located approximately 200 meters east of the pyramid, and as if seen as guardians of the pyramid when viewed from the front. First, the Sphinx's body was buried in the desert stretch to the neck, and was clearly seen entirely in 1926.

Approximately 120 km east of Giza, the Down Town area, Tahrer Square, you can see the rest of the world civilization in the form of the mummy of Pharaoh / Tahrer Ramses at the museum. In the dominant building with maroon color, there are many historical relics. In addition to storing historical relics from the ancient Egyptian civilization, Museum Tahrer also save the results of the findings of the Egyptolog who did the excavation and study for years.

This building consists of two floors, ground floor with stone statues and wooden boats used during ancient Egypt, Champollion duplicate inscription, the stone coffin and hundreds of other historical objects.




The second floor is being showcased stone tombs of the kings, war and hunting vehicles and other gold jewelry. The most important historical relics owned by the museum is the head of Tut Ankh Amon gold is placed in a special room and still intact, and the mummy of Ramses II, which according to historians is the time of Prophet Moses Pharaoh. The mummy is kept in a special room with a coolant temperature is always controlled, upstairs, along with 10 other mummies of ancient Egyptian kings.

Remove the remainder watched at the Museum of Ancient Egyptian civilization Tahrer, you can simply walk about 100 meters toward the edge of the Nile. Simply enjoy the beautiful sunset, or indulging in seeing exotic night on the outskirts of Cairo, the Nile.

More than just beauty, the Nile is the lifeblood of Egypt. No wonder the Naguib Mahfouz, the Egyptian origin of the famous poet makes the ocean edge of the Nile as his inspiration. The touch of modern aesthetic makes the Nile looks more beautiful and exotic. International hotels thrive along the edge of the Nile is familiarly called kournich like Sheraton, Royal Tower, Semiramis, Four Seasons and so on.



What also adds to Cairo is exotic, floating restaurants lining the sides of the Nile. This floating ship-shaped restaurant, presents an attractive package for travelers. In addition to enjoying dinner on the outskirts of the Nile, the traveler will also be pampered with treats various typical Egyptian art. Not to mention the Big Dipper Big Dipper-small there is always ready to take the travelers who want to enjoy the breeze in the middle of the river Nile.




Floating ship and Cairo Tower, foto: dedepermana

Finished enjoying dinner on the outskirts of the Nile, stop for a moment at the Cairo Tower. From the top of the tower, you can shoot all the sides of the city of Cairo. And, from a height of 187 meters, the trust-not believe, you will witness the Cairo night more beautiful than the original.



To end your trip in Cairo, bring sweet memories and unique to relatives in the country, you can get in Khan el-Khalili, the traditional shopping center in Cairo. Located not far from A-Azhar Mosque, precisely next to Hadrat Hussein Mosque. Market becomes the main shopping area of ​​foreign tourists is also known as Mosky Suq (Market Moski).




In this market you will find various models of Egyptian souvenirs made of stone, silver, from papyrus to paper ornaments. Here also there is a restaurant that serves kuftah (grilled meat), dagag masywiyah (chicken grilled / roasted), who served on a stainless steel plate with siriyyah Ruz (typical Egyptian rice), tohinah (sauce of soy beans), salthoh (pickled vegetables ), and 'Ish (15 cm diameter round bread). Sitting relaxed in Khan el-Khalili would be more fun while sipping sahlab (a mixture of warm milk sprinkled with peanuts), syay bi Laban (milk tea), or just suck syisya (typical Egyptian cigarettes).





Treasures of past civilizations has indeed been raised Egypt to the stage of world history. It was no exaggeration when people say one of the main civilizations of Egypt as the largest in the world. Certainly many factors that can prove this saying. It could be that you do not believe it, but, slowly, after a reading knowledge of Egyptian civilization, or-perhaps-after you visit directly to the Land of Thousand tower was, what people say that, would you Amini.