Taj Mahal (Urdu: تاج محل, Hindi: ताज महल) is a monument located in Agra, India. Built on the desire of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the son of Jahangir, as a mausoleum for Persian wife, Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz-ul-Zamani or Mumtaz Mahal. Its construction took 23 years (1630-1653) and is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture.
In a town called Agra, located in northern India Uttar Pradesh, stands a beautiful building. At first glance this building like a mosque. But, actually it is a tomb. His name, the Taj Mahal. For centuries, this building became inspired many people because of its beauty. Arguably, the Taj Mahal is the most beautiful architectural creations in the world.
Many people are coming in droves building situated on the banks of the Yamuna River to admire. They were amazed by the beauty of its form. They were also impressed with the touching story behind the founding of the Taj Mahal.
Did you know? Taj Mahal is a sign of the love of a prince to his beloved wife. Duh, not romantic anyway? The story, Taj Mahal was built to commemorate Arjumand Bano Begum, wife of prince. Arjumand was married to King Jahangir's third son, Prince Khurram, when aged 21 years. Spanjang marriage, his faithful wife accompany her husband on their sumptuous palace in Agra and in the tent during the war.
In 1628 Khurram became king after the bloodshed. His name was changed to Shahjahan, which means the king of the world. To his wife, Shahjahan gave the highest degrees. His wife became Mumtaz Mahal. Unfortunately, Mumtaz Mahal was not destined long to be queen.
Shahjahan around 1631 on an expedition to the south and, as usual. Mumtaz Mahal accompanied him. However, she died while giving birth to 14th child Shahjahan. When Mumtaz Mahal died, he was only 39 years.
To commemorate the departure of his wife, Shahjahan decided to set up a beautiful tomb made of genuine marble. The building is founded on the edge of a river that is not covered by other buildings. The building that will continue to be remembered the world.
To build a large tomb (or more commonly referred to mausoleum of) this, it took over 17 years and mobilize 20 thousand workers. Those who work are the experts such as architects, sculptors, calligraphers, and masons from all over India, Persia, and Turkey. Taj Mahal building whose height reaches 60 meters is gold plated, silver and even diamonds. Once completed, this place is also the final resting of the king. This is the beautiful Taj Mahal and 'expensive'.
Petra is a city founded by chiseling on stone walls in Jordan. Petra is a Greek word meaning 'stone'.
Petra is a symbol and protection techniques. This word refers to the town buildings made of stone-batudi Wandi Araba, a bercadasdi Jordan valley. The city was founded by multiplying and carving rocks as high as 40 meters.
Petra was the capital of the Nabatean kingdom. Founded in 9SM-40M by King Aretas IV as we that are difficult to penetrate the enemy and secure from natural disasters such as sandstorms.
Nabateans built petra with irrigation sisitem incredibly complex. There are water tunnels and water chambers that deliver clean water to the city, thus preventing banjirmedadak. They also have a hydraulic technology to lift water.
There is also a theater that can accommodate 4,000 people. Today, the Palace Eat Hellenitis 42 meters high, who has obtained impressive still standing there.
Petra that can be taken approximately 3-5 hours overland journey from Amman, Jordan, was once the capital of the Nabatean tribes, one of the groups of Arabs who lived before the advent of the Romans.
Actually, the origin of the Nabatean tribes not known for sure. They are known as the nomadic tribes who traveled to various parts of the herd of camels and sheep.
Residents early Petra is pagan. Their main god is Dushara, who worshiped in the form of black stone and irregular shaped. Dushara worshiped side by side with Allat, dewiArab ancient.
They are very adept at making underground water tanks to collect water that can be used when they travel far. Thus, wherever they are, they can make excavation for water lines to meet their needs for clean water.
At the end of the 4th century BC, the development of world trade makes Nabatean tribes ventured to begin participating in world trade. Routes of world trade began to flourish in the southern part of Jordan and south of the Dead Sea. They then use their residence position is strategic as one of the world's trade routes.
Nabatean tribe could eventually become successful merchants, with the trade of incense, spices, and ivory, among others, originate from Arab parts of southern and eastern India.
A strategic location to develop business and life, and secure to protect themselves from strangers that's the reason Nabatean tribes decided to settle in the territory of the rocks of Petra.
To maintain the prosperity that has been achieved, they are collecting customs duties and taxes to local traders or from outside the entrance to it. Nabatean tribes finally managed to create an international city a unique and unusual.
Petra was originally built for defensive purposes. But lately, the city is crowded with tens of thousands of citizens that developed into a town located in the path of trade because the distribution of goods between Europe and the Middle East.
In the year 106 AD, Petra Romawimencaplok, thus weakening the role of trade channels. Around the year 700 AD, hydraulic systems and some of its main building crumbled into rubble. Petra was slowly disappearing from the map of the earth at that time and the living legend.
It was only in 1812, the Swiss adventurer Johann Burckhardt entered the city disguised as a Muslim. Legend Petra was meruak back in modern times, is remembered as a symbol of engineering and defense.
Petra in Jordan, is the archaeological site. Petra surrounded by mountains. Here there is a mountain as high as 1350 meters above sea level. This is the highest region in this area called Mount Aaron (Jabal Harun) or Mount Hor or El-Barra.
Aaron's most frequented mountain people. The visitors believe, at the peak of Jabal Harun this, the Prophet Aaron died and was buried by the Prophet Moses.
In the 14th century AD, a mosque was built here by the white kubahberwarna visible from various areas around Petra. Aaron arrived in the Jordanian now when accompanying the Prophet Moses brought his people out of Egypt from the pursuit of King Pharaoh.
In the 1st century BC, the Kingdom of Nabataea the rich and powerful, reaching Damascus region in the north and the Dead Sea in the south. At that time, Petra has been inhabited about 30 thousand inhabitants. In the great temple was built.
Year of the 100-AD, the Romans once ruled this region. Architecture in Petra also influenced Roman architecture.
In 600 AD, Petra was built the church. The 7th century AD, Islamhadir, and in the 14th century, the tomb of the Prophet Aaron at Jabal Harun became a shrine of the Muslims, but Jews and Christians.
At the age of 10 years, Prophet Muhammad never been to the mountain with his uncle.
After the Crusades in the 12th century, Petra had become 'lost city' for over 500 years (lost city). Only local residents (Bedouins) in the Arab region who knew him.
Petra is a city of historic and archaeological Ma'an Governorate in Jordan is famous for its rock cut architecture and drainage systems. Founded around the 6th century BC as the capital of the Nabataeans, Petra is a symbol of Jordan and the most frequently visited in order to attract tourism, which is located on the slopes of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern wing of the Arabah (Wadi Araba), the valley of Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of "40 places". "One of the most valuable cultural richness of human cultural heritage".
This statue is a symbol of Christianity, and became a symbol of city pride. This statue is an open hand viewed by many as a sign of the warmth of the Brazilian population.
The idea to build a large statue atop Corcovado had emerged since the mid 1850's, when imamKatolik Pedro Maria Boss requested financing from Princess Isabel to build a large religious monument.
Princess Isabel did not respond gagsan, which was then altogether forgotten in 1889, when Brazil became a republic, with laws mandating the separation of church and state.
The second proposal for a large landmark statue on the mountain was made in 1921 by the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro. The archdiocese organized an event called Semana do Monumento ("Monument Week") to attract donations, which came mostly from Brazilian Catholics.
The designs considered for the "Statue of Christ" included a representation of the Christian cross, a statue of Jesus with a globe in his hand, and a pedestal symbolizing the world. Eventually the statue of Christ the Redeemer with open arms selected.
Christ Redeemer was designed by Heitor da Silva Costa and in sculpture by Frenchman Paul Landowski. Project done for 9 years from 1922 until October 12, 1931, at a cost of U.S. $ 250,000.
The statue is made from a mixture of concrete and stone. When the construction of railway built to carry large pieces of sculpture to the top of the mountain. The statue was inaugurated on October 12, 1931.
To view the statue up close have to climb 220 stairs. But on January 20, 2003 have been built elevator and sekalator. So do not bother anymore.
1. The Wave. Between Arizona and Utah - USA
There on the border of Arizona and Utah. made of sand 190 million years old that turns into stone.
2. Antelope Canyon. Arizona - USA
located in Navajo Land, near Page, Arizona in the United Selatan.Antelope Antelope Canyon or the Cliffs is a cliff that became a favorite of photographers and visit the places the tourists to see the incredible scenery. Antelope Canyon is located in the southwest area of the United States, precisely in the northern Arizona.
Antelope Canyon is a natural wonder formed from erosion of rocks, water and wind. Antelope Canyon is the origin of the rock cleft. The first impression when I saw this place like entering a small cave high. However, when entered, turns on it is quite broad. Antelope Canyon can be seen in the light coming from the cracks. Both of indentation, depth, and colors that exist in rocks that have different forms. Incoming light bounced off the rocks-rocks that exist so as to produce different colors.
The scenery is so beautiful Antelope Canyon. Antelope Canyon able to spoil the eyes of tourists, especially the photographers who actively perpetuate the beautiful sights. Antelope Canyon is a paradise for photographers. The combination of the incoming light between the craters are able to make the people who see it will be amazed. First place is not so crowded because it is quite remote. In fact, many photographers are trying to hide the beautiful places in this area. But as time passed, this place has become one of the attractions in Arizona. Please stop by to Antelope Canyon for those who want to spoil the eyes by beautiful scenes.
3. Great Blue Hole (Belize)
Being at a distance of 60 miles from Belize city. circle whose diameter is 0.4 kilometers. a nice place for diving. within approximately 480 feet or 145 meters. because of its depth so that the color blue.
4. Crystal Cave of the Giants (Mexico)
Located in the mines in Chihuahua Mexico. color and shape vary. there is a gold color and silver.
5. Eye of the Sahara (Mauritania)
Being in the Sahara desert southwest. diameter of 30 miles, so clearly visible from space
6. Blue Lake Cave (Brazil)
Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil has many lakes and beautiful underground cave: Gruta do Lago Azul, Gruta do Mimoso, Aquário Natural. Blue Lake Cave "Gruta do Lago Azul" (Blue Lake Cave) is a natural monument with a beautifully formed by nature through the stalactites, stalagmites and beautiful blue lakes are great. Extraordinary beauty of this lake, and its blue color at the center of attention and the beauty of the lake.
7. Giants Causeway (Ireland)
In this area there are about 40,000 basalt stone pillar overlap. Geologically, this occurs because the explosion of the volcano, located on the northern coast of Ireland. Interestingly, almost all of the pole has six sides, although sometimes found also the pole with four sides, or even five, seven and eight. The highest mast is 12 meters and thickness of this formation can reach 28 meters.
8. Hell Gate (Uzbekistan)
Commonly referred to "the door to hell". located near the small town, Darvaz. 35 years ago, a team of geologists were digging to find the source of gas. but they found was a large cave that fiery. presumed this cave will continue to burn gas forever.
9. Wave Rock (Australia)
Made naturally by itself. given the nickname "Wave Rock" because its shape resembles a wave. height can reach 15 meters and length up to 110 meters.
10. Chocolate Hills (Philippines)
The extent of 50 square kilometers. situated in Bohol, Philippines. Diperkirkan formed by volcanic aktifita.
11. Cave Maharani Gresik Tuban
Stopover in East Java, do not miss the opportunity to visit the natural attractions in the district of Goa Maharani Lamongan. Beauty of the cave which has a depth of 25 meters can be equated with other famous caves in the world.
12.Belitung Beach (Coast Island)
Cape Coast High is one of the famous beaches on the island belitung. Because the beach is used as a filming location Laskar Pelangi, and also the location filming in television advertising. High Cape Coast is famous for its beautiful white sand and large boulders stacked on the beach.
Cape Coast High Sijuk located in the district, Regency Pacific Islands. Can be reached using the car for about 30 minutes from the city Tanjungpandan.