Temple Besakih in Bali Island
Pura Besakih is a complex of temples that are located in the village of Besakih, Rendang sub district, Bali, Indonesia. The complex consists of a Pura Besakih Pura Centre (Penataran Agung Besakih) and 18 Pura Assistance (1 Pura Pura Basukian and 17 Other). At Temple Basukian, this is the first time in the area where the receipt of God's revelation by Rsi Markendya Hyang, the precursor of Religion Hindu Dharma in Bali now, as its center. Pura Besakih is the center of activities of all temples in Bali. Among all pretended to be included in the Besakih complex, Penataran Great was the largest temple, most buildings pelinggihnya, most types upakaranya and is the center and all the temples in Besakih temple complex. In the Supreme Penataran there are 3 main temple statue or symbol of God's nature Stana Tri Murti, namely Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva which is the symbol of God the Creator, Preserver and god god fuser / Reincarnation. Pura Besakih on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site nomination since 1995.
The physical presence of Pura Besakih building, not just a place bersemayamnya God, according to Hindu Dharma Religious belief, the largest on the island of Bali, but it has a background connection with the meaning of Mount Agung. A highest mountain on the island of Bali which is believed to be the central Government Nature Spirits, Nature of the Gods, who became the messenger of God for the region and around the island of Bali. So it is fitting that on the slopes of Mount Agung Southwest made for the sanctity of human building, Pura Besakih meaningful philosophical.
Terkadung philosophical meaning in the Pura Besakih in its development contain elements of culture that includes:
Life of equipment and technology,
Livelihood of living,
Religion and ceremonies, and
The seventh element of culture is embodied in the form of cultural ideas, a form of cultural activity, and the form of material culture. It has appeared both in the pre-Hindu or the Hindu who has been progressing through the mythic stage, the stage of ontology and functional stages.
Object of Research
Pura Besakih as the object of research related to social and cultural life of the community in Karangasem regency of Bali Province.
Based on a study, Pura Besakih physical building has been progressing from pre-Hindu culture with evidence of the menhirs, punden terraces, steps, statues, which evolved into the building in the form of Meru, pelinggih, gedong, or Padmasana as a result of the Hindu culture.
The background of the existence of a physical building Pura Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung is a place of worship to worship mountain gods conceived as a palace of the supreme God.
At that stage of human functional Balinese man finds himself as homo religious and have religious culture that is social, the cultural activities related activity is always associated with the teachings of Hindu Religion.
In Hindu culture of Bali, it turns out the meaning of Pura Besakih identified as part of the development of social culture of the Balinese people from starting pre-Hindu is heavily influenced by changes in the elements of culture that flourished, so the influence of cultural change in the form of ideas, a form of cultural activity, and a form of cultural the material. The changes are related to the doctrine concerning Tattwa about the concept of divinity, Tata-moral doctrine that governs how Hindus in bertingka behavior, and teaching settings in the ceremony is a ritual activity from people offering to his Lord, so that all three courses is a unity in the teaching of Religion Hindu Dharma in Bali.
The complex consists of 18 Pura Besakih Pura Pura and 1 Utama. Pura Besakih is the center of activities of all temples in Bali. This object is suitable for travelers who like to cultural tourism. One tip, if you do not have time to linger here, focus to the Pura Basukian, Penataran the Great (the largest), Dark and Pura Pura Batumadeg.
But do not forget, to respect local customs, during his visit to Pura Besakih you should wear modest clothing with a cloth and scarves (can be rented at the front entrance).
Open daily from 8:00 to 17:00 pm, with ticket prices around Rp7.000's. If you come alone, you can enlist the services of a tour guide to accompany a cost of about Rp 10 thousand to Rp30 thousand (negotiable). Clever-smart bargain!
If you're hungry here are also available food stalls or food and beverage stores. In the village of Besakih also many hotels, bunglow, and several guest houses. But if you decide to spend the night in the temple area, get ready for thick blankets and warm clothing for Besakih expel air is very cold at night.